While the framing in your home is protected by layers of siding, brick, caulking, and paint, your wood deck framing stands vigilant and exposed to rain, snow, sun, termites, and all of nature’s elements. That’s why it’s good to have an understanding of the deck joists and beams that support your deck and how long they last.
Often, homeowners want to reuse old framing to install new deck boards. Before making this decision, consider the following factors:
- Cracks or large splinters, which are often signs of stress
- The top of the joist looks wider than the rest of the joist, which may indicate that water has penetrated the boards from screw or fastener holes
- Soft spots — there should never be soft spots in your deck’s framing
- Signs of decay at the ends of boards
- Support posts buried in the ground or in concrete, which can trap moisture in the post.
If you see rot or decay, you will need to replace the affected joists, beams, or posts. Additionally, if you are installing PVC or composite decking, you may need a new frame. Most composite deck manufacturers recommend spacing joists every 12” on center. Your old deck frame likely has joists spaced 16” or even 24”.
New vs. Treated Deck Joist
While all deck joists should be pressure-treated wood, PT wood now is not the same as 30 years ago. For example, because of changes in preservatives over time, today’s wood decks are built with the wood posts above ground (not making ground contact to reduce moisture content) and attached to concrete footers. This change in building practice helps to reduce wood rot.
In the past, pressure-treated wood was protected by chromate copper arsenate (CCA), which prevented rot, but due to its arsenic, it ended use in 2003. Now the wood is treated with a preservative called alkaline copper quaternary (ACQ). ACQ, a water-based wood preservative, contains a soluble copper(II) complex and quaternary ammonium alkyl- or aryl-substituted compounds.
Facts about Treated Deck Joist
Because ACQ-treated wood contains much higher concentrations of copper, a barrier is needed between the joists and metal fasteners. When the zinc in galvanized fasteners touches ACQ, corrosion occurs. Joist flashing tape protects your wood with a thin membrane to guard against corrosive preservatives and holds in place your metal fasteners and screws.
One other consideration for deck joists is the type of wood you choose. Should you go with softwood or hardwood? Is it better to use Douglas fir, sapwood, redwood, or pine? Some woods are more naturally rot-resistant. Hint: tropical hardwoods such as ipe and old-growth teak are among the most resistant. Exceptionally resistant domestic varieties include black locust, red mulberry, Pacific yew, and Osage orange.
How to Make Treated Deck Joists Last Longer
There are a few important ways to make your deck joists last longer:
- Using pressure-treated lumber
- Covering the joists with a moisture-resistant stain or sealer before installation
- Using metal joist hangers and leaving at least 1/8 inch between the end of the lateral joists and sides of the bearing joists to allow for airflow
- Installing decking boards with hidden fasteners that reduce contact with the joists and ensure consistent ¼ inch spacing between decking boards
- Clean the deck often to prevent debris from trapping moisture onto the boards
- Use a butyl-based flashing tape to cover the tops of the joists during a new deck build
With Trex Protect’s butyl-based joist & beam tape, you can protect your deck’s joists, double joists, rim joists, bearers, ledger boards, and stringers with a thin, waterproof membrane. Each roll of Trex Protect comes with a 20-year warranty due to its durability.
Deck flashing tape:
- Helps to reduce future maintenance
- Gives your timber deck a longer lifespan — as a sealant protects your top decking boards, flashing tape protects what’s beneath, and doesn’t have to be reapplied each year like stain or seal
- Protects your deck’s structural integrity
- Holds deck screws and fasteners tighter and stronger
Help your deck joists last longer by protecting it from the start with Trex Protect.